When using Supervisor to run your Laravel queue workers in the background, you may run into the issue of your application crashing due to being unable to write to the log files. That is because when a log file is created by the queue worker that is executed by Supervisor, it is created by the root user. When your application tries to write to the same log file, it crashes because the user that attempts to write the log entry does not have permissions to do so.
There are multiple solutions to this and I will go through two of them.
This is aimed at CentOS web servers. It may work on other Linux distributions as well.
- Run the queue worker with supervisor as a different user
- Create different log files for different users
Run the queue worker with supervisor as a different user
When configuring Supervisor to run your Laravel queue worker, you can specify a user to run the process as.
$ nano /etc/supervisord.conf [program:the-program-name] user=the-user-name
See the Supervisor Configuration section in the Laravel documentation for more information.
This works but there is a catch.
The log files are created as the user you specify in supervisor’s configuration. Your application will no longer crash because it is able to write to the log files but a new issue arises. If all your configuration is stored in the .env file, it will not be available for your Laravel application to use. Laravel will still however use the cached configuration until it is cleared, then fall back to the configuration stored in your Laravel application’s config directory.
If you do not make use of the .env file, your Laravel application will work normally.
This is what I know. The child process that gets executed by supervisor to execute and run your queue worker does not run in a fully configured shell environment. It is unable to read your Laravel application’s .env file.
You can find a better solution below.
Create different log files for different users
Run the Laravel application’s queue worker with Supervisor as the root user.
Change your application’s logging config file to create daily log files based on the user that executes the script.
$ nano config/logging.php return [ 'channels' => [ ..., 'daily' => [ ..., 'path' => storage_path('logs/laravel-'.php_sapi_name().'.log'), ... ], ... ] ];
Here is an example of the log files it creates.
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 43K Jun 26 19:00 laravel-cli-2019-06-26.log -rw-r--r-- 1 user user 43K Jun 26 19:00 laravel-cgi-fcgi-2019-06-26.log
It does not matter who created the log files. All users will have their own log files thus averting the log file writing permissions issue outlined above.